Cisco ASA Cheat Sheet

Cisco Adaptive Security Appliancy is known as the Cisco ASA. It is used to protect networks and data centres.

It offers firewall, VPN and facilitates dynamic routing amongst other features and capabilities.

It runs on Linux using a single Executable and Linkable Format program called lina. Lina schedules processes and handles things like concurrency internally rather than using the underlying Linux capabilities.

In this post I share a few of the CLI commands to query, operate and configure the device.

Access privelage EXEC mode

ciscoasa is the default hostname for the default ASA state. You will see that you are in EXEC mode with the ciscoasa> prompt.

Type enable to access privilege EXEC mode. The password is blank. The prompt changes to ciscoasa#

Lockdown access to ASA

show displays sensitive data and we don't want prying eyes to see that.

enable password <PASSWORD>
show running-config enable

To verify the password works, we need to exit the modes. exit config mode and then privilege EXEC.

Create a local user account

The highest privilege is 15

username admin password cisco privilege 15
show running-config user

Get more information about the system

show version

show processes

show file system

show flash

Set a hostname

Change the hostname from the global configuration mode.

configure terminal or config terminal or config t

Notice the prompt becomes ciscoasa(config)#

Enter hostname <HOSTNAME> and your prompt will change to that name.

Set the clock for logs and what-not

Timestamps are important for logs. They help administrators understand the order of events. clock set hh:mm:ss {month day | day month} year

clock set 21:10:00 9 february 2019
show clock

Assign a domain name

domain-name ec2-1-2-3-4.compute-1.amazonaws.com
show running-config domain-name

Show a banner

In your global configuration mode oxygen(config)# we can set banners. Below we configure the message of the day (MOTD) banner.

banner motd Please be advised unauthorized access is strictly prohibited
banner motd All access are recorded for security purposes
banner motd This device is the property for ACME Corp.
show banner

Inside/Outside interfaces

oxygen(congif)# show interface oxygen(config)# interface management0/0 oxygen(config-if)# nameif Inside oxygen(config-if)# security-level 100 oxygen(config-if)# ip address 192.168.2.1 255.255.255.0 oxygen(config-if)# nameif Inside oxygen(config-if)# nameif Inside

References